Jon Jagger
jon@jaggersoft.com
Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Notes DownloadECMA-334 C# Language Specificationpreviousnextprevious at this levelnext at this level 14 Expressionsprevious at this levelnext at this level 14.4 Function members Paragraph 11 Function members are members that contain executable statements. 2 Function members are always members of types and cannot be members of namespaces. 3 C# defines the following categories of function members: 12 Except for static constructors and destructors (which cannot be invoked explicitly), the statements contained in function members are executed through function member invocations. 13 The actual syntax for writing a function member invocation depends on the particular function member category. Paragraph 21 The argument list (§14.4.1) of a function member invocation provides actual values or variable references for the parameters of the function member. Paragraph 31 Invocations of methods, indexers, operators, and instance constructors employ overload resolution to determine which of a candidate set of function members to invoke. 2 This process is described in §14.4.2. Paragraph 41 Once a particular function member has been identified at compile-time, possibly through overload resolution, the actual run-time process of invoking the function member is described in §14.4.3. [Note: The following table summarizes the processing that takes place in constructs involving the six categories of function members that can be explicitly invoked. In the table, e, x, y, and value indicate expressions classified as variables or values, T indicates an expression classified as a type, F is the simple name of a method, and P is the simple name of a property.
Construct Example          Description
Method
invocation
F(x,y) Overload resolution is applied to select the best method F in the containing class or struct. The method is invoked with the argument list (x, y). If the method is not static, the instance expression is this.
T.F(x,y) Overload resolution is applied to select the best method F in the class or struct T. A compile-time error occurs if the method is not static. The method is invoked with the argument list (x, y).
e.F(x,y) Overload resolution is applied to select the best method F in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e. A compile-time error occurs if the method is static. The method is invoked with the instance expression e and the argument list (x, y).
Property
access
P The get accessor of the property P in the containing class or struct is invoked. A compile-time error occurs if P is writeonly. If P is not static, the instance expression is this.
P = value The set accessor of the property P in the containing class or struct is invoked with the argument list (value). A compiletime error occurs if P is read-only. If P is not static, the instance expression is this.
T.P The get accessor of the property P in the class or struct T is invoked. A compile-time error occurs if P is not static or if P is write-only.
T.P = value The set accessor of the property P in the class or struct T is invoked with the argument list (value). A compile-time error occurs if P is not static or if P is read-only.
e.P The get accessor of the property P in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e is invoked with the instance expression e. A compile-time error occurs if P is static or if P is write-only.
e.P = value The set accessor of the property P in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e is invoked with the instance expression e and the argument list (value). A compile-time error occurs if P is static or if P is read-only.
Event
access
E += value The add accessor of the event E in the containing class or struct is invoked. If E is not static, the instance expression is this.
E -= value The remove accessor of the event E in the containing class or struct is invoked. If E is not static, the instance expression is this.
T.E += value The add accessor of the event E in the class or struct T is invoked. A compile-time error occurs if E is not static.
T.E -= value The remove accessor of the event E in the class or struct T is invoked. A compile-time error occurs if E is not static.
e.E += value The add accessor of the event E in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e is invoked with the instance expression e. A compile-time error occurs if E is static.
e.E -= value The remove accessor of the event E in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e is invoked with the instance expression e. A compile-time error occurs if E is static.
Indexer
access
e[x,y] Overload resolution is applied to select the best indexer in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e. The get accessor of the indexer is invoked with the instance expression e and the argument list (x, y). A compile-time error occurs if the indexer is write-only.
e[x,y] = value Overload resolution is applied to select the best indexer in the class, struct, or interface given by the type of e. The set accessor of the indexer is invoked with the instance expression e and the argument list (x, y, value). A compile-time error occurs if the indexer is read-only.
Operator
invocation
-x Overload resolution is applied to select the best unary operator in the class or struct given by the type of x. The selected operator is invoked with the argument list (x).
x + y Overload resolution is applied to select the best binary operator in the classes or structs given by the types of x and y. The selected operator is invoked with the argument list (x, y).
Instance
constructor
invocation
new T(x,y) Overload resolution is applied to select the best instance constructor in the class or struct T. The instance constructor is invoked with the argument list (x, y).
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